Henry Ford's life story
Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 8, 1947), American automotive engineer and entrepreneur, founder of Ford Motor Company. He is also the first person in the world to use a production line to mass-produce cars. His mode of production made the car a popular product. It not only revolutionized the way of industrial production, but also had a huge impact on modern society and culture. Henry Ford is the only entrepreneur on the list in the book "The Top 100 People Influencing the History of Human History" by American scholar Mike Hart.
Born July 30, 1863 in Greenfield, Michigan. The father is an Irish immigrant, and Henry ranks first among the six brothers.
Henry taught himself to be a steam engine technician. In 1887, he joined the Detroit Edison Electric Light Company as a technician and later became a chief engineer.
He concentrated on designing a car and in 1896 he tried to make a two-cylinder air-cooled four-horsepower car. Resigned in 1898. The Detroit Motor Company was founded in 1899, but it only made 25 cars and it was easy to go bankrupt in January 1901.
In 1903, Ford established the automobile company again on June 16 and has been the general manager. In the same year, the company produced the first Ford brand car. In 1908, Ford was made into a T-type Ford. This popular car is very popular and sells well in Europe. In 1911, the first automobile assembly plant was built in Kansas City, Missouri.
In 1908, the world's first T-car was produced, completely changing the American way of life.
In 1913, Ford created the world's first automotive assembly line. This flow-through method was later called "Ford" and was widely promoted around the world. This system organizes mass production on the basis of standardization, and mechanizes and automates all operations, becoming a form of production organization with high labor productivity.
In 1914, for the first time, workers were paid 8 hours and 5 dollars in wages to change the way American workers work.
In 1915, US President Wilson met Ford and praised Ford Motor Company.
In 1919 Henry bought shares in other shareholders of the company and monopolized the company. He also used Citibank funds to expand reproduction, making the company the world's largest auto company in the 20th century. Ford himself is also known as the "king of the car", and his family has become one of the major chaebols in the United States.
In 1921, US President Harding met with Ford and praised "you have created one of the most amazing companies for the United States."
In 1927, the company stopped producing T-type Ford cars and began to manufacture new Type A cars. In 1932, the V-8 was built again. Now the company has diversified operations, manufacturing, assembling and selling cars (Ford, Mercury, Lincoln, Continental), trucks, tractors and related parts and accessories, as well as developing and manufacturing consumer and aerospace industries (including communications and Electronic products and appliances for meteorological satellites.
In 1929, US President Hoover participated in the inauguration of the Ford Museum.
In 1936, Henry Ford founded the American Ford Foundation in Michigan with his son Ezil. In the beginning it was a regional welfare institution whose purpose was to promote human welfare broadly. The Foundation was developing very fast and by 1950 it had become a national and international organization.
In 1943, after Henry's only son, Ed, died, he handed over the command of many companies to his grandson Henry Ford II.
In 1946, "Car Golden 50" was awarded the honorary award for Ford's contribution to the automotive industry; The New York Times commented that Ford is not only the founder of Ford Motor Company, but also the development of the entire automotive industry.
On April 3, 1947, Henry Ford passed away. On the day of his funeral, all the car production lines in the United States were shut down for one minute to commemorate the "Copernicus in the automotive industry."
In 1999, Fortune magazine named Ford as "the greatest entrepreneur of the 20th century" in recognition of his and Ford Motor Company's contribution to human development.
In 2005, Forbes magazine published the 20 most influential entrepreneurs in history. Henry Ford ranked first in the title: "My Life and Work"