The development of the first generation of Volkswagen Golf
In June 1974, the European region was facing an oil crisis, and the Volkswagen Beetle model had long been popular for many years. At this moment, Volkswagen broke the tradition of rear-mounted engines and introduced a golf car based on a hatchback hatchback model. It uses a front-wheel drive, water-cooled four-cylinder engine, lightweight chassis design, McPherson suspension system and torque. Beam structure.
The first generation of innovative golf soon became popular all over the world: four convenient designs, higher speeds and better safety standards quickly attracted all the young hearts in the market and set a global sales record of 6.8 million.
In order to meet the different needs of different countries in the world, the first generation of the new golf has developed a car called Rabbit in the United States, Caddy in the minivan, and the first golf convertible that was first created in 1979 according to the first generation of golf. In the course of 14 years of history, the convertible sold nearly 400,000 units and became the world's number one convertible.
In June 1976, the 1600cc first-generation Golf GTI was launched, with a power output of 110 horsepower and an outstanding performance of 181Km/h. Of course, it firmly grasped the young and dynamic heart of consumers. In September of the same year, Volkswagen launched the Golf Diesel model, the first small-sized passenger car, and the use of diesel engines, breaking the cumbersome and rough image of diesel engines. The 1.5-liter compression-ignition diesel engine on the golf course consumes 2 liters less than the equivalent gasoline.
In 1973, the first generation of golf was born under the designer guiguaro. At that time, the whole of Europe was hit hard by the oil crisis, and the automobile industry was facing a severe test. In this situation, Volkswagen decided to abandon the traditional rear air-cooled engine layout and put the treasure on a new design: it will use a water-cooled four-cylinder engine, front-wheel drive, compact load-bearing body, light The chassis is quantized, the front suspension is a pillar type, the rear suspension is a cross arm type, and the Georgian-designed slip-back style has a sash angle. This is golf.
In March 1974, golf was officially put into production, and the car was launched in August. Volkswagen did not want golf to achieve the "Beetle" type of success, but it turned out that they were wrong, golf instantly caught the hearts of consumers. Its shape not only provides a more spacious space, but also solves the problem of instability of the beetle's linear crosswind. Golf achieves faster speeds and higher security. Golf is the first to use a 1.1-liter four-cylinder engine with a top speed of 140 km/h. Later, the 1.5-liter machine was replaced and the speed rose to 160 km/h.
In 1976, the new 1.6-litre fuel-injected gasoline engine was equipped with sporty golf, the gti, which had a maximum power of 81 kW (110 hp) and a gti speed of 181 km/h. At the same time, the medium-sized car has a top speed of 165 km/h. It is no wonder that golf has become the biggest bright spot on the market. In a very short time, gti has become a favorite of young people, and various events and games around it have sprung up.
In October 1976, Volkswagen was again shocked. They launched the diesel version of the golf - the first small car to use a diesel engine. Volkswagen successfully compressed the 1.5-liter diesel engine to the same size as the equivalent gasoline engine, and its fuel consumption per 100 kilometers was 2 liters less than that of the equivalent gasoline engine.
On October 27, 1976, the 1 millionth golf course was rolled out in Wolfsburg. This is a milestone in the history of golf cars.
In March 1979, the golf convertible was launched. This sun-driving sedan was improved from a new generation of golf. It has been in production for 14 years and sold a total of 380,500 units, making it the world's largest-selling convertible.
By 2008, the first generation of golf is still in South Africa under the name of the popular Citi Golf. Compared with future generations of golf, the first generation of golf has the charm that contemporary competitors can't surpass. Because it always stands out in various tests and markets, it is the best family car of that era. For the entire automotive industry, the commissioning of golf means the beginning of a new era – the beginning of an era of comfort and practicality.