Volkswagen development history
In 1936, Hitler came up with the idea of producing a cheap "Volkswagen". He said that every German, at least every German worker, should have a car of his own, just like the United States. At the time, there were one car for every five people in the United States. Every 50 people in Germany had a car. Workers commuted to work by bicycle or by bus. Hitler ordered the production of an economical car that sold only 990 marks for ordinary people. He personally asked about the design work hosted by the engineer Porsche (Posher). The private sector can't produce such a cheap car, and the Nazi organization's "labor front" is responsible. On March 28, 1937, the company "Gesellschaft zur Vorbereitung des Deutschen Volkswagens mbH" was established, and was renamed "Volkswagenwerk GmbH" on September 16, 1938. In 1938, in Wolfsburg, Volkswagen started construction and was the world's largest automobile factory. It plans to produce 1.5 million vehicles a year to produce a new model designed by Ferdinand Porsche, which will exceed the largest Ford Motor Company in the United States.
During the Second World War, the public was used for armament production. At that time there were about 20,000 forced laborers and prisoners of war, and then there were concentration camp prisoners forced to work here.
After the end of World War II, in mid-June 1945, Volkswagen was taken over by the British military government. Under the management of Major General Ivan Hirst, the Volkswagen Beetle was put into mass production.
On March 8, 1950, Type 2 was put into production, further expanding the company's product line. With its versatile features, the Volkswagen Bus (“VW Bully”, which is still familiar to many today), quickly set off a buying spree. In 1956, an independent Transporter production site was established in Hanover, and the seeds of today's Volkswagen commercial vehicle brand were buried.
Volkswagen Imported Car HD Atlas
Volkswagen imported car HD album (12 photos)
In 1955, Volkswagen staff and dealers from Germany and abroad celebrated the first million beetles in Wolfsburg.
On February 17, 1972, Volkswagen broke the world record in automobile production. The Beetle recorded a record of 15,007,034 vehicles, surpassing the legendary record set by Ford Motor Company's Model T model (Tin Lizzy, familiar to the public) in 1908-1927.
In 1973, Passat, the first model of the new Volkswagen, was put into production. It uses a four-wheel drive and water-cooled four-cylinder engine with an engine tuning range of 110 bhp. Passat's modular strategy design, standardized components can be applied to a variety of different models at the same time, resulting in significant economies of scale.
In January 1974, the first Golf was unveiled in Wolfsburg. This compact van was quickly introduced as a successor to the Beatles myth. In the same year, the company also launched the sports car Scirocco, which was produced until 1981.
In 1976, the first Golf GTI was off the assembly line. This model set off a whirlwind of roads with its 110 bhp engine, laying the foundation for another legendary birth.
In June 1983, the production of the second generation Golf officially kicked off. This model is designed to be highly suitable for highly automated assembly processes. In the specially built final assembly shop (Hall 54), the robot was first used in automotive manufacturing.
In September 1998, in order to compensate for what was done at the time, Volkswagen established a humanitarian fund in the name of compulsory labor forced to work in the public during World War II. By the end of 2001, more than 2,050 people in 26 countries had received humanitarian assistance from the fund. In addition, in Wolfsburg, a memorial hall dedicated to commemorating forced labor forced to work in the public during World War II is under construction, and Volkswagen's existing new employees have given strong support in the form of volunteers.
In July 1999, the launch of Lupo 3L TDI marked the first production car with a fuel consumption of only 3 liters / 100 kilometers. Volkswagen once again wrote a strong stroke in the history of the automotive industry.
In August 2002, in Volkswagen Slovakia (Bratislava), a luxury off-road vehicle, Touareg, began mass production, marking the official entry of the Volkswagen brand into a new market segment.
In December 2002, the "Auto 5000 GmbH" company (operating the Group's factory in Wolfsburg) began production of the Touran minivan. The company has developed a special collective payment model designed to implement lean production, involving flat organizational structures, teamwork, flexible working hours and encouraging workers to play a more active role in production improvement.
In 2003, the fifth generation of golf began production, embodying a new concept of vitality in its design.
Starting in 2015, the Volkswagen brand will gradually introduce a new “engine torque based” rear tail marking system in the Chinese market. One of the core competencies of Volkswagen's innovative engine technology is its superior "torque performance." The TSI turbocharged direct-injection gasoline engine produces greater torque without increasing engine displacement and achieves and maintains maximum torque output over a wide range of engine speeds, which is better suited to China's special conditions. traffic condition. Volkswagen's energy-efficient engine technology and other energy-saving and environmentally-friendly technologies provide a solid foundation for Volkswagen Group's energy-efficient strategy in China.
In December 2016, Volkswagen set up a new brand Moia to enter the mobile travel.
On June 26, 2018, the Volkswagen Group had transferred 1% of its shares in SAIC Volkswagen to Audi.
In early October 2018, the Volkswagen Group terminated its contract with Audi CEO Rupert Stadler, who was under investigation for alleged involvement in diesel emissions test fraud.