Characteristics of ionizing radiation
Ionizing radiation is characterized by short wavelength, high frequency, and high energy. Ionizing radiation can ionize one or several electrons from atoms, molecules, or other bound states. Ionizing radiation is a general term for all kinds of radiation that can cause ionization of matter. There are many types of ionizing radiation. High-speed charged particles include alpha particles, beta particles, and protons. Uncharged particles include neutrons, X-rays, and gamma rays.