The emergence and widespread use of steam engines has also promoted the mechanization of other industrial sectors, which has led to comprehensive reforms in engineering technology. In the industry, it has led to the booming of the machine manufacturing industry, the steel industry, and the transportation industry, and initially formed a complete industrial technology system; in science, it promoted the establishment of thermodynamic theory. The industrial revolution is a social revolution centered on the technological revolution. In this revolution, science and technology played a pivotal role, causing tremendous progress in social productivity. For the first time, the productivity function of science and technology was highlighted.