New energy vehicle industry characteristics
To fully understand the characteristics of the new energy automobile industry, at least the following five aspects should be included:
First, strategic, energy-saving, environmentally friendly and safe is the eternal theme of the development of the automotive industry for more than 100 years, and it is also the most serious challenge facing the automotive industry in different development periods. Since the country regards new energy vehicles as a strategic emerging industry, this shows that it is definitely not a stopgap measure. In other words, we are developing new energy vehicles not because of lack of oil, or because we can't buy oil now, or because there is no oil in the world; nor because there is excess electricity supply, there is no place to use it. Whether it is oil resources or power resources, we are still a shortage of resources. In this sense, the automotive industry must consider strategic development, and the industry must carefully prepare for the broadest possible supply of energy. After 100 years of development of automotive technology, today's technology can be used for all known primary or secondary energy sources. As for when to adopt and which form of energy to use, it depends on the development of automotive technology and ultimately depends on market demand. .
The second is the advanced nature, which is its innovation. In a certain sense, new energy vehicles are the upgrading of traditional cars, and they must not reduce the demand for automobile products by consumers or return to the level of so-called battery cars in the past. It has to be original innovation in many ways, not just a simple upgrade of an existing car. A correct understanding of this advanced and alternative effect, even subversiveness. Because the development of new energy vehicles is not a simple substitute for the past, but technological innovation and leapfrogging, we must ensure the advanced nature. Simply put, we can't sacrifice the user's usage habits, and we can't sacrifice the user's feelings.
Some people worry that even if a digital camera subverts a film camera or a mobile phone subverts a wired phone, it will be replaced by other new technologies in the automotive field. However, the form of the car is essentially a vehicle with a manned mobile function on the road. Although it looks simple, the four wheels pull people to run on the road. If it is an airplane in the sky, it is a ship in the sea. Running on the track is a train. In the foreseeable future, this form of car will not be subverted, and it will form a variety of energy forms to maintain industrial development.
The third is systemic. This means that the industry cannot single-handedly follow the ideas of the traditional automobile industry in the past, and successfully complete the development of the overall industry of new energy vehicles, and also drive related products and industries to form a new industrial chain. For example, in the past, the battery on the car was a battery, and only required simple functions such as starting, lighting, etc. The battery currently installed is a power battery and an electronic control system. This is by no means a single matter, so we must systematically consider and coordinate development. In this respect, industry associations and technological innovation alliances have a lot of work to do. We need everyone to go hand in hand, and collaborative innovation can promote industrial development.
The fourth is market. In the initial stage of the development of new energy vehicles, policy promotion is needed, but in the end it is subject to market testing and user selection. Therefore, the principles of the innovation model of production, education and research that we have developed include: enterprise as the mainstay, market-oriented and a combination of production, education and research. In this sense, new energy vehicles must also follow the country's basic principles or basic framework for technological innovation, and must adhere to this market. The policy will promote, guide and guide new energy vehicles, but the final industry must be market-oriented and international.
The fifth is diversity. For a long time to come, the development of new energy vehicles will continue to develop in a diversified pattern. Recently, Wan Gang, the Minister of Science and Technology, publicly stated that for a certain period of time, for alternative fuel vehicles, whether it is a hybrid vehicle, a pure battery-powered vehicle, or a fuel-cell vehicle, each enterprise can combine its own positioning in the market. Our own ability to launch different products at different stages of development, because this is a market with diverse markets and multiple technologies.
In addition to product diversification, there are also diversified sources of energy. For modern society, electric energy is a necessary energy. Modern society is completely inseparable from electricity. Every family cannot do without electricity. Every enterprise cannot do without electricity. Just as modern people can’t do without mobile phones. Without a computer, it can even be said that without electricity, the world will be destroyed. Because electricity is the ultimate form of energy on the planet, whether it is wind energy, solar energy, or other forms of energy, it will be converted into electricity. From the perspective of battery technology, there are both lithium-ion batteries and batteries with other technical routes. Therefore, it is a normal state for different companies to adopt appropriate technical routes at different stages of development according to specific service targets.